The UN mandate in Bosnia clearly provided a use of force, but it refused to intervene, apart from providing some troop convoys for humanitarian aid. In 1999, the UN faced its liability: "Through error and misjudgement, we failed to save the people of Srebrenica from the Serb campaign of mass murder." On July 11, 2000, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan issued a final statement: "The tragedy of Srebrenica will forever haunt the history of the United Nations."
July 15, 1995
In the five days after Bosnian Serb forces overran Srebrenica, 8,373 Muslims were killed, Europe's worst mass killings since Second World War.
Associating Srebrenica massacre with the Poppies at Argenteuil (Claude Monet, 1873) raises unexpected but however obvious likenesses:
- The symbolism of numbers (equal in front of death or life): in 1872, Argenteuil (currently a 28% Muslim suburb of Paris) was a small town of 8,389 inhabitants surrounded by fields, while 8,373 Muslims died in the fields of Srebrenica (*);
- A poem (In Flanders fields) written during World War I reported that poppies were accustomed to bloom in battlefields;
- In 2002, Srebrenica celebrated the reopening of a new mosque built on the same site as the medieval White Mosque (destroyed on July 13, 1995). In June 2010, Argenteuil inaugurated one of the largest mosque in Europe: Mosque Al-Ihsan.